Category Archives: Issues

August 2016

Bilateral long-jump practice ups takeoff leg performance

Benefits persist 3 weeks after training – Bilateral practice should be established early in youth long-jump training programs to improve the jumping performance of their dominant (takeoff) leg, according to research from Karlsruhe, Germany, that may have implications for other track and field events.

By Katie Bell

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August 2016

Surgery beats conservative care for first-time kneecap dislocations

Less recurrence, better sports outcomes – Adolescent patients with first-time acute patellar dislocations treated surgically have a lower risk for recurrent dislocation and higher knee-related quality of life and sports-related outcomes compared with those managed…

By Greg Gargiulo

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August 2016

Whole body vibration boosts speed, stride length in toe-walkers

Most improvements are transient – The findings of a recent Australian study add to early evidence in support of whole body vibration (WBV) as a potentially simple, noninvasive treatment for children with idiopathic toe walking (ITW), with mechanisms still to be worked out.

By Larry Hand

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August 2016

Improving gait without making kids feel ‘broken’

A normal gait is often the goal for children with neuromuscular disorders and mobility impairments, but research suggests this may come at the price of children’s positive self-identity. These issues are leading some practitioners toward more holistic, family-centered approaches to walking.

By Brigid Galloway

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August 2016

Patellofemoral pain in children and teens

Pediatric patellofemoral pain hasn’t historically received much research attention. Recently some experts have said it can have a long-term negative impact. New research suggests some basic solutions to the common yet often overlooked problem that can cause kids to drop out of sports.

By Lori Roniger

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May 2016

Lower body conditioning may cut upper body injury risk in softball

Safety of underhand pitch is over-rated – Better pre- and off-season lower-body conditioning may help prevent some serious overuse injuries to the upper extremities of young female fast-pitch softball players, according to the lead author of a recent prospective study of player-reported injuries.

By Hank Black

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May 2016

Excess weight affects foot loading, peak pressure even in young kids    

Weight loss may improve function – Overweight and obese children present with higher overall foot loading and a disproportional impact on the midfoot and longitudinal arch, with those as young as 1 or 2 years of age affected, according to research from Germany that may have implications for abnormal foot loading prevention in children.

By Katie Bell

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May 2016

Walking study in CP highlights need for tailored orthotic prescription

Effects of AFOs on distance, speed vary – A recent study demonstrates the importance of personalizing prescriptions for ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) in children with cerebral palsy, rather than applying group data to individuals.

By Larry Hand

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May 2016

When the shoe doesn’t fit: footwear in Down syndrome

These children often have wider, more flexible, and more pronated feet than typically developing kids that don’t fit well into conven­tionally sized and shaped footwear. Ill-fitting shoes are linked to foot-specific disability and many other issues. Here, clinicians share strategies for finding the right fit.

By Lori Roniger

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May 2016

Look out below: injury risk on the trampoline

Trampoline use, both in backyards and in large recreational parks, is up. So are injuries incurred on the equipment, including fractures with potentially serious long-term sequelae. Some groups advise  a ban on home use, but other experts disagree, citing the equipment’s benefits for motor learning and active play.

By P.K. Daniel

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