Category Archives: Issues

May 2016

Lower body conditioning may cut upper body injury risk in softball

Safety of underhand pitch is over-rated – Better pre- and off-season lower-body conditioning may help prevent some serious overuse injuries to the upper extremities of young female fast-pitch softball players, according to the lead author of a recent prospective study of player-reported injuries.

By Hank Black

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May 2016

Excess weight affects foot loading, peak pressure even in young kids    

Weight loss may improve function – Overweight and obese children present with higher overall foot loading and a disproportional impact on the midfoot and longitudinal arch, with those as young as 1 or 2 years of age affected, according to research from Germany that may have implications for abnormal foot loading prevention in children.

By Katie Bell

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May 2016

Walking study in CP highlights need for tailored orthotic prescription

Effects of AFOs on distance, speed vary – A recent study demonstrates the importance of personalizing prescriptions for ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) in children with cerebral palsy, rather than applying group data to individuals.

By Larry Hand

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May 2016

When the shoe doesn’t fit: footwear in Down syndrome

These children often have wider, more flexible, and more pronated feet than typically developing kids that don’t fit well into conven­tionally sized and shaped footwear. Ill-fitting shoes are linked to foot-specific disability and many other issues. Here, clinicians share strategies for finding the right fit.

By Lori Roniger

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May 2016

Look out below: injury risk on the trampoline

Trampoline use, both in backyards and in large recreational parks, is up. So are injuries incurred on the equipment, including fractures with potentially serious long-term sequelae. Some groups advise  a ban on home use, but other experts disagree, citing the equipment’s benefits for motor learning and active play.

By P.K. Daniel

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February 2016

Multiple jumpers increase risk for ‘trampoline ankle’

Large forces can cause severe fractures: Multiple trampoline jumpers are a primary cause of “trampoline ankle,” according to a recent Canadian study, which also noted that, when two individuals are bouncing out of sync, they generate kinetic energy forces that produce a high-impact effect that can cause serious growth-plate injuries in children.

By P.K. Daniel

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February 2016

Improving foot posture, balance in CMT may aid ankle stability

Early care advised for FAI prevention: Functional ankle instability (FAI) is a common problem in children and adolescents with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), according to Australian research that advises further study of interventions that target balance and normalize foot structure to evaluate whether they can help improve ankle stability in this population.

By Katie Bell

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February 2016

Dynamic warm-up with balance, plyo work leads to safer landings

Helps protect ACL in both genders: A one-time neuromuscular training intervention designed to prevent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is more effective than a traditional warm-up for improving landing technique in youth athletes, according to a study that could help convince coaches and athletes to embrace such training programs.

By Chris Klingenberg 

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February 2016

Mobility-enhancing care in CP helps strengthen bones

Cerebral palsy (CP) can decrease mobility, which is key to quality living. Children with CP and compromised mobility are at risk for low bone mineral density and fragility fractures, but physical therapy programs and orthoses can help kids be more active to build stronger bones.

By Hank Black

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February 2016

Keeping kids in braces can prevent clubfoot relapse

More than a third of Ponseti-corrected clubfeet relapse and require additional treatment. Making a complete initial correction, ensuring optimal brace comfort, and  encouraging parental buy-in to bracing  over the long term reduces brace nonadherence, a major cause of recurrence.

By Barbara Boughton

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