Category Archives: Issues

November 2015

O&P teams treat limb loss, deformity in developing world

Donating parts, funds aids efforts – Each year, Dino Scanio, CO, LO, and his five-member team of pediatric O&P specialists arrive in Guatemala City to perform a challenging task. In just four days in their most recent clinic in August, for example, they fit nearly 50 young patients with custom devices and…

By Brigid Galloway

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November 2015

Biomechanical stress, overuse raise young dancers’ injury risk

Prevention requires team approach – The inclusion of physicians, including specialists in pediatric orthopedic surgery and sports or dance medicine, in a team with teachers, physical therapists, parents, and others could help identify and prevent injuries in growing young dancers, according to…

By Hank Black

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November 2015

Foot disability in Down syndrome linked to hallux valgus, narrow shoes

Regular foot checks may curb problems – A recent study published in the Journal of Foot and Ankle Research found that hallux valgus and too-narrow footwear contribute to foot-specific disability in children with Down syndrome. Interestingly, the study found foot posture wasn’t associated with foot-specific disability in the same children.

By Erin Boutwell

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November 2015

Barefoot running: Debate moves to developing feet

The most public battles about barefoot running and minimalist footwear have been fought over their use by adult athletes and the clinicians who treat them. There is, however, a separate discussion underway regarding barefoot and minimally shod running in children.

By Cary Groner

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November 2015

Biomechanical care for juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) affects nearly a quarter of a million US kids younger than 16 years. The hallmarks of the autoimmune disorder include joint inflammation, stiffening, and damage, as well as changes in joint growth, all of which can prove painful.

By Shalmali Pal

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August 2015

Taller, heavier children have heightened Sever disease risk

Long-term pain warrants early ID – Children presenting with calcaneal apo­phy­sitis (Sever disease) are anthropometrically different from their peers and experience a lengthy period of pain, according to Australian study findings that underscore the importance of early intervention and…

By Katie Bell

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August 2015

Gait analysis for clubfoot may reveal long-term issues

Surgery more likely to alter gait – Children treated for idiopathic clubfoot by age 2 years may experience subtle changes in gait by the time they are aged 5 years, and nonoperative treatment may confer more normal movement than surgery, according to a recent study.

By Larry Hand

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August 2015

Robotic gait training doesn’t wow young patients with CP

Kids, parents differ on ‘normal’ gait – Although physical therapists and parents often strive for attaining “normal” gait in children with neuromotor disorders, a new study from researchers at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, indicates that…

By Brigid Galloway

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August 2015

Growing pains: Adapting O&P devices to maturing patients

Accommodating growth without compromising fit and function is a challenge for practitioners who prescribe orthotic devices for young patients. Adjustments and add-ons—as well as educating parents about expected changes—can make for smoother transitions.

By Shalmali Pal

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August 2015

Childhood obesity and OA: Can early care reduce risk?

Osteoarthritis (OA) risk factors and symptoms seen in adults have been found in obese kids, who often have musculoskeletal pain. Weight loss may help, but preventing OA may also require gait and exercise interventions, particularly those that reduce pain that leads to inactivity.

By Erin Boutwell

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