Category Archives: Issues

October 2012

Dynamic data in obese children may suggest gait compensation

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An Austrian study exploring the role of genu valgum and flatfoot in obese and normal weight children found obesity was associated with higher peak plantar pres­sures, but lower maximum force while walking, when forces were normalized to body weight.

By Christina Hall Nettles

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October 2012

Experts debate relative benefits of screening feet for risk factors

Most question emphasis on flatfoot
The value of screening programs for pediatric foot problems—primarily flatfoot—was recently challenged in a commentary by Australian podiatrist Angela Evans, PhD, a researcher and lecturer in the Division of Health Sciences at the University of Adelaide.

By Cary Groner

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July 2011

New papers revisit, rekindle flexible flatfoot controversy

“Other considerations” spark debate

In January 2010, when LER first covered the controversy, Australian podiatrist and researcher Angela Evans, PhD, had recently published a paper in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association suggesting that children whose feet were flatter than expected, but asymptomatic, should be monitored rather than automatically treated with orthoses.

By Cary Groner

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July 2011

CP experts assess evidence for use of orthotic devices

Despite progress, research gaps remain

The January publication in NeuroRehabili­tation of the recommendations from a consensus conference held in 2008 paints a less-than-perfect picture of the evidence underlying orthotic management of cerebral palsy (CP).

By Larry Hand

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July 2011

ACL injury prevention training focuses on younger athletes

Age-specific protocols are key to success

Training programs aimed at preventing anterior cruciate ligament injuries have been used for many years, but injury rates remain high. Injury prevention experts suggest such programs may be more effective if implemented before children reach the ages associated with highest injury risk and if the programs utilize age-specific protocols.

By Emily Delzell

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July 2011

Not all practitioners embrace soft soles for novice walkers

Barefoot-like isn’t necessarily best

Barefoot is a biomechanics buzzword these days, but not all practitioners believe soft-soled shoes are best for very young children, even if such shoes do approx­imate the barefoot walking experience.

By Shalmali Pal

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July 2011

Charcot-Marie-Tooth patients respond to AFO management

But recognizing device limits is key

Muscle weakness and instability associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in children can be addressed with ankle foot orthoses, research suggests, but practi­tioners should be aware of the limitations of AFOs in this patient population as well as the ever-present challenge of compliance.

By Shalmali Pal

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July 2011

French study favors Ponseti over compatriots’ technique

Casting simplifies clubfoot management

In a comparative study published in the April/May issue of the Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, French researchers found that Ponseti casting compared favorably to French physiotherapy for initial treatment of idiopathic clubfoot.

By Emily Delzell

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July 2011

Early research characterizes gait associated with autism

Results could have clinical implications

Little research has been published about gait patterns in children with autism, but that could be changing. One recently published study, although small, appears to lay the foundation for more focused research and could have clinical implications as well.

By Larry Hand

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